Additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) is a Channel (communications)|channel model in which the only impairment to communication is a linear addition of wideband or white noise with a constant spectral density (expressed as watts per hertz of Bandwidth (signal processing)|bandwidth) and a Gaussian distribution of amplitude. The model does not account for fading, frequency selectivity, Interference (communication)|interference, nonlinearity or Dispersion (optics)|dispersion. However, it produces simple and tractable mathematical models which are useful for gaining insight into the underlying behavior of a system before these other phenomena are considered.Wideband Gaussian noise comes from many natural sources, such as the thermal vibrations of atoms in conductors (referred to as thermal noise or Johnson-Nyquist noise), shot noise, Black body|black body radiation from the earth and other warm objects, and from celestial sources such as the Sun.
The AWGN channel is a good model for many satellite and deep space communication links. It is not a good model for most terrestrial links because of multipath, terrain blocking, interference, etc. However, for terrestrial path modeling, AWGN is commonly used to simulate background noise of the channel under study, in addition to multipath, terrain blocking, interference, ground clutter and self interference that modern radio systems encounter in terrestrial operation.
Additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) is a Channel (communications)|channel model in which the only impairment to communication is a linear addition of wideband or white noise with a constant spectral density (expressed as watts per hertz of Bandwidth (signal processing)|bandwidth) and a Gaussian distribution of amplitude. The model does not account for fading, frequency selectivity, Interference (communication)|interference, nonlinearity or Dispersion (optics)|dispersion. However, it produces simple and tractable mathematical models which are useful for gaining insight into the underlying behavior of a system before these other phenomena are considered.Wideband Gaussian noise comes from many natural sources, such as the thermal vibrations of atoms in conductors (referred to as thermal noise or Johnson-Nyquist noise), shot noise, Black body|black body radiation from the earth and other warm objects, and from celestial sources such as the Sun.
The AWGN channel is a good model for many...