type 2 diabetes
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| ICD9 = ,| ICDO =| OMIM = 125853| MedlinePlus = 000313| eMedicineSubj = article| eMedicineTopic = 117853| MeshID = D003924 }} Diabetes mellitus type 2 (formerly noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes) is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose in the context of insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. The classic symptoms are polydipsia|excess thirst, polyuria|frequent urination, and polyphagia|constant hunger. Type 2 diabetes makes up about 90% of cases of diabetes mellitus|diabetes with the other 10% due primarily to diabetes mellitus type 1 and gestational diabetes. Obesity is thought to be the primary cause of type 2 diabetes in people who are genetically predisposed to the disease. Type 2 diabetes is initially managed by increasing physical exercise|exercise and diabetic diet|dietary modification. If blood glucose levels are not adequately lowered by these measures, medications such as metformin or insulin may...
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