Indexation
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Indexation is a technique to adjust income payments by means of a price index, in order to maintain the purchasing power of the public after inflation, while Deindexation refers to the unwinding of indexation. From a macroeconomics standpoint there are four main categories of indexation: wage indexation, financial instruments rate indexation, tax rate indexation, and exchange rate indexation. The first three are indexed to inflation. The last one is typically indexed to a foreign currency mainly the US dollar. Any of these different types of indexation can be reversed (deindexation). Applying a cost-of-living escalation Cost-of-living index|COLA clause to a stream of periodic payments protects the real value of those payments and effectively transfers the risk of inflation from the payee to the payor, who must pay more each year to reflect the increases in prices. Thus, inflation indexation is often applied to pension payments, rents and other situations which are not subject to...
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