Empirical Evidence
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Empirical evidence (also empirical data, sense experience, empirical knowledge, or the a posteriori) is a source of knowledge acquired by means of observation or experimentation. Empirical evidence is information that theory of justification|justifies a belief in the truth or falsity of an empirical claim. In the empiricism|empiricist view, one can only claim to have knowledge when one has a true belief based on empirical evidence. This stands in contrast to the rationalism|rationalist view under which reason or reflection alone is considered to be evidence for the truth or falsity of some propositions. The senses are the primary source of empirical evidence. Although other sources of evidence, such as memory, and the testimony of others ultimately trace back to some sensory experience, they are considered to be secondary, or indirect. has argued that these methods are influenced by prior beliefs and experiences. Consequently it cannot be expected that two scientists when observing,...
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